Financial auditing entails producing an opinion on the truth and fairness of the financial statements of a company. Only licensed accounting professionals (auditors) authorized by the relevant governing bodies for the territories they operate in can carry out the auditing of financial statements. Audits were first regulated with the 1844 Joint Stock Companies Act. The need for an independent
Intermediaries are vital for a well-functioning financial system and allow their clients to solve the problems they face more efficiently than they could by themselves. We find several types: Brokers, Exchanges, and Alternative trading systems Dealers and Securitizers Depository Institutions Insurance Companies Arbitrageurs, and Clearinghouses and Custodians We shall now examine the last financial intermediary – clearinghouses and custodians.